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Anne Mette Dixen with her poignant ‘Five Birds’ design (photo: Ron Graybill)
Withstanding our weight
Her company Dixen Design has created many prize-winning logos and designs for businesses and cities. Her ‘Five Birds’ cover comes in two styles. On many of the covers, the tree and the birds create the raised surface. But that style proved a little rough for bicycles to cross, so a negative copy was made with the birds and tree depressed into the surface. These are installed on bike paths and elsewhere. It’s just one more way Copenhagen promotes cycling.
The cast-iron manhole covers, mostly circular, protect water, electrical and sewer lines while allowing access for workers from HOFOR. Most of the covers show geometric designs. In the street one might see a ‘40’ in the centre of some covers. These are super-strong covers built to withstand the weight of a 40-tonne truck. The covers on the train platform at Nørreport have a much lower rating. They only have to carry the weight of some hefty travellers.
Never forgotten art
Near Hans Christian Andersen’s statue beside City Hall, two covers illustrate his story of ‘The Steadfast Tin Soldier’. They show Andersen in his top hat, the tin soldier, a twirling ballerina, a rat, and the fish that swallowed him. On some copies the one-legged tin soldier is missing – prised off by selfish souvenir hunters. A ‘Tin Soldier’ cover on Strøget, not far from City Hall, is encircled by an iron ring featuring eight mermaids. Andersen’s tale of the ‘Shepherdess and the Chimney Sweep’ graces 14 little drain covers at the bottom of the downspouts along the street-side wall of Rosenborg Castle. And favourite Andersen hangout Tivoli, which inspired him to write ‘The Nightingale’ after he attended its 1843 grand opening, has two charming covers of its own.
Line drawings of 20 elephants march around on another set of manhole covers. They’re not out by the Carlsberg brewery where one might expect them, but in front of Hotel d’Angleterre on Kongens Nytorv and beside Holmens Kirke, near the canal where the tour boats pass. Both the Tin Soldier cover and the elephant cover were created by Peter Hentze (1943-2017), an accomplished Danish sculptor, painter and graphic artist. When Hentze died last year, his funeral was conducted in the chapel of the Holmens church graveyard. It is fitting that a copy of his elephant cover rests beside that church.
Fear not as Hentze has some worthy successors. In 2007 Copenhagen’s sewer system was celebrating 150 years of making the city’s water cleaner and cleaner to the extent the harbour is so clean people can swim in it. A contest was announced challenging children to design a manhole cover.
The winning 11-year old schoolgirl, Fiona, drew a simple version of the three towers from the city’s coat-of-arms and sketched some waves below, adding flowers, fish and raindrops. Fiona is a university student now, and one can still see her manhole covers near the Round Tower and in front of the Design Museum.
A coat of arms is also the inspiration for a splendid cover near the zoo. The three depicted hawks come from the coat of arms of the city’s Frederiksberg section.
Copenhagen’s Metro system put a big ‘M’ in the middle of their iron covers, but they fastened photographic prints of other manhole covers on the floors of some stations. The one on the platform at the Kongens Nytorv station is a picture of Anne’s ‘Five Birds’ cover. Most travellers will never notice that the cover is fake. Looking closely, one can see the cracks between the paving stones running right through the cover.
All over the world people are creating artistic manhole covers and creating art from the covers. Sometimes they are inked then used to block-print t-shirts or tote bags. Sometimes rubbings are made of them. Any number of YouTube videos respond to a search for ‘manhole cover art’.
In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Jason Lempieri, who studied art in Copenhagen and elsewhere, uses his RethinkTank website to sell an array of cork coasters with images of covers from all over the world. His Copenhagen set of four features the Tivoli, Elephant, Metro and Five Birds covers.
Many of the covers around Copenhagen are made by iron foundries in Norway – either Furnes or Ulefos. Others come from Germany or China.
On November 6th of last year, Eggert Þorfinnsson died in cycling accident at eighty years of age when he was hit by a car on Sæbraut, not far from home. Vísir reports that on Tuesday, his two sons retraced their father’s last bike route, from Kirkjusandur on the east side of Reykjavík to Harpa, to raise cyclist safety awareness.
One of Eggert’s sons, Sigurður Jónas Eggertsson, criticized a recent draft of a traffic law which proposes that cyclists ride on the right side of the lane.
“I think it’s preposterous,” he remarked. “If there’s parking on the street, where cars are parked right there and need to back out into the street, then drivers will never see a cyclist if he’s on the right side. He needs to be in the middle or on the left side. This poses a danger,” he concluded.
Source : Iceland Reviwe
Refugees residing in Norway are entitled to rights that otherwise require 40 years of membership in the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme.
«Refugees residing in Norway are entitled to an equivalent to a 40-years of income in the National Insurance Scheme – with full rights from day one.»
It is true that refugees residing in Norway are entitled to rights that otherwise require 40 years of membership in the National Insurance Scheme and that the rights apply from day one.
There are different requirements for entitlement to various benefits through the National Insurance Scheme. For old-age pension and disability pension it is a requirement that you have been a member of the National Insurance for 40 years, that is, you have lived in Norway for 40 years, for full benefit.
Refugees are exempt from this requirement and may receive the benefit with effect from the month after they have been granted a residence permit. They must in line with all others, fulfil the other requirements, such as disability or high age.
«It is a big political scandal that refugees who are allowed to stay in Norway are entitled to a 40-year income in the National Insurance Scheme – with all rights from day one.»
This writes Vidar Kleppe, Political Deputy for the Norwegian Democrats in a reader post in Bodøposten on November 8th. Kleppe also published it on his Facebook page, where it is shared close to 400 times.
Faktisk.no has received several tips from readers who wonder if it true that refugees who are allowed to stay in Norway, are entitled to 40 years of employment in the National Insurance Scheme, and that the rights apply from the first day.
We will provide an answer to that in this fact check.
The National Insurance Scheme was introduced on January 1st, 1967, and is supposed to be a social insurance scheme for those who are covered by it. According to the law, the scheme will secure income and « compensate for special expenses for unemployment, pregnancy and childbirth, single care for children, illness and injury, disability, old age and death.»
The National Insurance must also «contribute to equalization of income and living conditions over the individual’s life course and between groups of people.» The aim is that everyone should be able to support themselves and get the best possible everyday life.
Most of the National Insurance is administered by NAV.
All residents legally resident in Norway are registered in the National Insurance Scheme. You are considered a resident if you have been legally resident in Norway for at least one year, or if your stay in Norway is intended to last for at least one year.
Previously, Faktisk.no has checked the claim that «Asylum seekers get maximum pensions without moving a finger …» This was factually checked to be completely incorrect:
Vidar Kleppe is talking about refugees, which are not the same as asylum seekers.
A Refugee is defined by Norwegian law as a foreigner who has been granted a residence permit in Norway because the person needs protection. When a refugee is granted a residence permit in Norway, the person is a mandatory member of the scheme.
There are different requirements for entitlement to various benefits through the National Insurance Scheme. One of these requirements is called insurance time.
In order to receive a full pension or disability insurance, at least 40 years of age is required to receive social security or social security benefits. That is, one must have lived in Norway and been a member of the National Insurance scheme for at least 40 years. If the insurance period is shorter, the payout will be reduced according to the number of years shy of the requirement.
Refugees needn’t comply with this requirement under the National Insurance Act. In proposition 85 L (2016–2017) the Government writes the following:
«Refugees earn the right to retirement and disability benefits from the National Insurance scheme in a regular way – through residency and work in Norway – as for anybody else who has legal residence in Norway. For refugees who do not have 40 years of retirement when the retirement occurs, This requirement is considered fulfilled, thus providing a guarantee that they are at least entitled to retirement on the same level as people who have lived all their lives in Norway without having been active in the work life.»
In other words, refugees do not suffer a reduction in disability benefits or pensions, even if they have not lived in Norway for 40 years. Nor does the requirement apply for retirement to a surviving spouse, or for child benefits for children who have lost one of their parents. Here Vidar Kleppe is 100% right when he writes that «Refugees who are allowed to stay in Norway are entitled to 40 years of entitlement by the National Insurance Scheme».
Refugees must equally fulfil the other requirements for retirement and disability insurance, such as illness or seniority.
The National Insurance also provides many benefits that do not require 40 years of membership. However, one or three years of membership in the National Insurance is required in advance of receiving any of those benefits. This is also called residency time. This means that as a rule, you must have lived in Norway for years before you will receive any money. This applies to unemployment benefits, benefits to single caretakers and utility aids, such as wheelchairs. Pensions and disability benefits are also covered by this requirement.
According to the National Insurance Act, refugees are exempted from fulfilling this. The Government writes:
– This means, for example, that a refugee who already fulfils the other conditions for entitlement to [unemployment allowance/benefit to single caretaker/aids] will be able to receive the benefit with effect from the month after receiving a residence permit.
Gudrun Holgersen is Professor Emeritus at the Faculty of Law at the University of Bergen. She is an expert in the National Insurance Act, saying that the rules are made so because the legislator, ie the Norwegian Parliament, does not want to place refugees in a more difficult situation than other legal residents in Norway:
– Those who volunteer to reside in Norway may have earned pension rights in their home country that they may later claim from there. We can not assume that refugees can do so, Holgersen enlightens.
On June 1st, 2017, the Conservatives (Høyre) and Progress Party (FrP) joined in proposed changes to the National Insurance Act, the Cash Benefit Act and the Act on Supplementary Benefits for Persons with Short Term Residency in Norway.
Briefly explained, the Government’s proposal was to amend the provisions on refugees’ rights in the National Insurance Act and the Cash Benefit Act, as well as to allow refugees to be covered by the Act on Supplementary Benefits in Persons with Short Term Residency in Norway.
The Government wished at the same time increase the so-called long-term requirement, such that one must have lived in Norway for at least five years to be entitled to a pension, disability insurance, unemployment benefits and benefits to single caretakers. In addition, they would require five years of residence in Norway to be entitled to cash benefits for children staying at home, instead of in a kindergarten.
Only the requirement for Five years of residence for cash benefits was carried. The other amendments did not receive a majority in the Parliament (Stortinget).
In 2015, NAV published an article, where they refer to concrete examples to explain how the rules affect three people with different statuses who take out retirement pensions at the age of 67. Here, the third example is of a refugee:
Source : Norway Today
The Social Democratic Party and National Coalition Party are separated by no more than 2.5 percentage points after popular support for the former increased by 0.1 percentage points and that for the latter by 1.3 percentage points in October, according to YLE.
The public broadcasting company reported today that 22.7 per cent of the public would currently vote for the Social Democrats and 20.2 per cent for the National Coalition.
Jenni Karimäki, a senior researcher at the Centre for Parliamentary Studies of the University of Turku, estimates that the two ruling parties are heading in different directions due to the burden of responsibility being heavier for the Centre Party than for the National Coalition.
The Centre, she explained, has taken most of the blame for unpopular decisions and controversies such as the recent dispute over measures to encourage hiring by small businesses, whereas the National Coalition can be seen as having stood up for principles in the government.
The Green League has similarly continued on a downward trajectory, with its popularity slipping by 0.3 percentage points to 11.3 per cent. Its projected vote share is lower than its vote share in the latest municipal elections (12.5%) but – as the opposition party readily reminds – still well above its vote share in the latest parliamentary elections (8.5%).
The Finns Party and Left Alliance traded places as the fifth and sixth most popular parties, as support for the former increased by 0.5 percentage points to 9.8 per cent and that for the latter decreased by 0.6 percentage points to 9.2 per cent.
YLE also highlighted that the share of undecided voters is unusually high: only 59 per cent of respondents were willing to disclose which party they would vote for if the parliamentary elections were held today.
A total of 3,433 people were interviewed for the poll between 3 October and 6 November by Taloustutkimus.
Aleksi Teivainen – HT
Source : Helsinki Times