Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) — President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev made his first speech at General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) in New York.
The Uzbek leader focused on such issues as reforms in Uzbekistan, role of the UN in international relations, Uzbekistan’s foreign policy, use of water resources, establishment of peace in Afghanistan, fight against terrorism and protection of young people from destructive actions and ensuring their rights.
Reforms in Uzbekistan
Uzbek President noted that today, Uzbekistan is rapidly developing. “Carefully preserving the wisdom of past generations, we are consciously going towards resolute reforms and are committed to forming a new image of the country,” he said.
President said that with reforms Uzbekistan is showing that the human interests come first.
“Following the results of the nationwide discussion, the five-year Development Strategy of Uzbekistan was adopted. While developing it, as if we have looked at ourselves from outside, so as not only to objectively assess our potential and opportunities, but also pay a close attention to our failures and mistakes,” he said.
He stated that the strategy is the program of real actions of renewal and it is already being put into practice.
Uzbek leader also briefed international community on reforms in public administration, law enforcement bodies and judicial system.
He stated that an open dialogue with national and international non-governmental organizations on protection of human rights is being intensified.
Mirziyoyev said that the most important vector of reforms is liberalization of the economic system and creation of favorable investment climate. “We proceed from one simple truth: the richer the people are – the stronger shall be the state,” he added.
Uzbek President recalled that from the beginning of this month, Uzbekistan has completely switched to free conversion of the national currency. Along with this, all necessary measures are taken to mitigate any possible negative consequences for the population, he added.
“For the first time the Institute of the Ombudsman for the Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs was established. The taxes on business were significantly reduced. The access of business to credits was expanded. New free economic zones have been launched, where investors are granted extensive benefits,” Shavkat Mirziyoyev said.
UN role in international relations
President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev stated that Uzbekistan is convinced that the United Nations must continue to play a central role in international relations.
“Uzbekistan stands for its gradual reform. We believe that, in accordance with the realities of the modem world, the Security Council needs to be expanded. We support the steps taken by the new leadership of the United Nations to improve the system of its management”, he said.
“I want to confirm – Uzbekistan will continue close partnership with the UN structures. We are determined to ensure the practical implementation of the “road map” developed following the recent visit of Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to Uzbekistan,” President underlined.
Priorities of foreign policy
Speaking about foreign policy, Uzbek head said that today, Uzbekistan considers the region of Central Asia to be as the main priority of its foreign policy.
“Uzbekistan is keenly interested in the region to become a zone of stability, sustainable development and good-neighborliness,” Shavkat Mirziyoyev said.
He added: “A peaceful and economically prosperous Central Asia is our most important goal and key task. Uzbekistan is determined to engage in dialogue, constructive interaction and strengthening the good-neighborliness.”
“We stand ready for reasonable compromises with the countries of Central Asia on all issues without exception. Thanks to joint efforts in recent months, the level of political confidence has significantly increased in the region. Fundamentally important decisions on many issues were found,” he said.
President of Uzbekistan underlined importance of holding the regular consultation meetings of the heads of Central Asian states.
Speaking about the problems of ensuring security and stability in Central Asia, Uzbek President talked about water resources.
“We fully share the position of the UN Secretary-General that “the problems of water, peace and security are inextricably linked”, Mirziyoyev stated.
“I am convinced that there is no alternative to addressing the water problem other than equally taking into account the interests of the countries and nations of the region,” he said.
“Uzbekistan supports the draft conventions on the use of water resources of the Amudarya and Syrdarya river basins developed by the United Nations Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy,” President noted.
Uzbek leader also draw attention of international community to one of the most acute ecological problems of our time – the Aral Sea catastrophe.
“Overcoming the consequences of desiccation of the sea requires today the active consolidation of international efforts. We stand for full implementation of the special UN Program to provide effective assistance to the population affected by the Aral Sea crisis adopted this year,” Shavkat Mirziyoyev said.
Stabilization of the situation in Afghanistan
President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted that stabilization of the situation in Afghanistan is an important condition to ensure not only regional but global security, as well.
“We are convinced that the only way to peace in Afghanistan is a direct dialogue among the central government and main domestic political forces without preconditions,” he added.
Uzbek President said that the negotiations should be Afghan-led on the territory of Afghanistan and under the auspices of the United Nations. The wise Afghan people have the right to independently define their own destiny, he added.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev supported the appeal of the administration of the US President Donald Trump to Afghanistan’s neighbor-states to promote the peace process of the inter- Afghan settlement.
He added that Uzbekistan has been making and will continue its contribution to the economic reconstruction of Afghanistan, development of its transport and energy infrastructure, training of national personnel.
Islam and terrorism
Speaking about aggravation of terrorist threats in the world, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev said that use of mainly forceful methods of counteraction does not justify itself.
“Often the efforts are reduced to combating the consequences of challenges, rather than their root causes. I believe that along with other factors, ignorance and intolerance are at the heart of international terrorism and extremism,” he said.
“In this regard, the most important task is to fight for the minds of people, especially young people. Most of the crimes linked with extremist activity and violence are committed by the people under the age of 30. Today’s youth is the largest generation in the history of mankind totaling 2 billion people,” he pointed.
“The planet’s future and well-being depend on what kind of people our children will grow up into. Our key task is to provide conditions for self-realization of the youth, create a barrier against the spread of the “virus” of the ideology of violence,” Uzbek leader noted.
“We believe that for this we need to develop the multilateral cooperation in the sphere of social support of the younger generation, protection of its rights and interests,” President said.
Uzbek leader proposed to develop the UN International Convention on the Rights of Youth – a unified international legal instrument aimed at the formation and implementation of youth policy in the conditions of globalization and rapid development of information and communication technologies.
“In our opinion, the signatory-states must make firm commitments to raise this sphere to the level of one of the main, vital priorities of their social policy,” he said.
Speaking about Islam, he said: “We consider communicating the truly humanistic essence of Islam to a broad world community as the most important task. We cherish our sacred religion as the focal point of time-honored values. We strongly condemn and we will never reconcile with those who rank our great faith together with violence and bloodshed. Islam calls us to kindness and peace, preservation of a genuine human beginning.”
“I would like to especially note the invaluable contribution of a whole galaxy of outstanding representatives of the Central Asian Renaissance to the development of the Islamic and world civilization. One of them – Imam Bukhari is acclaimed all over the world as the author of “Sahih Al-Bukhari”, the second most important book in Islam after the Koran,” Shavkat Mirziyoyev added.
“In order to preserve and study his richest legacy, disseminate his teachings on enlightened Islam, we decided to establish the Imam Bukhari International Research Center in Samarkand. The activities of the Center for Islamic Civilization, which is being established in Tashkent, will contribute to implementation of this task,” he said.
“I would like to address the participants of today’s session with a proposal to adopt a special resolution of the General Assembly “Education and religious tolerance”. Its main goal is to promote universal access to education, eradicate illiteracy and ignorance. It is designed to promote tolerance and mutual respect, ensure religious freedom, protect the rights of believers, and prevent their discrimination,” Uzbek head said.
Source : UzDaily